Objective: We sought to estimate the lifetime risk of asbestos-related cancer for residents of Lower Manhattan attributable to asbestos released into the air by the 9/11 attack on New York City's World Trade Center (WTC).
Methods: Exposure was estimated from available data and reasoned projections based on these data. Cancer risk was assessed using an asbestos risk model that differentiates asbestos fiber-types and the US Environmental Protection Agency's model that does not differentiate fiber-types and combines mesothelioma and lung cancer risks.
Results: The upper limit for the expected number of asbestos-related cancers is less than one case over the lifetime of the population for the risk model that is specific for fiber-types and 12 asbestos-related cancers with the US Environmental Protection Agency's model.
Conclusions: The cancer risk associated with asbestos exposures for residents of Lower Manhattan resulting from the collapse of the WTC is negligible.
From the Center for Applied Studies of the Environment & Earth and Environmental Sciences of the Graduate School and University Center of the City University of New York, New York; State Federal Center for Sanitary and Epidemiologic Control, Ministry of Public Health, Moscow, Russian Federation; Price Associates, Inc, White Plains, New York; and Department of Physics and Center for Risk Analysis, Harvard University, 9 Oxford Street Rear, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Supported by a Higher Education Advanced Technology grant from the State of New York and the International Environmental Research Foundation of New York City.
Current address of Jeffrey P. Osleeb: Geography Department, University of Connecticut, 215 Glenbrook Road, Unit 4148, Storrs, CT 06269-4148.
Address correspondence to: Dr R. P. Nolan, Center for Applied Studies of the Environment & Earth and Environmental Sciences of the Graduate School and University Center of the City University of New York, 365 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10016; E-mail: email@example.com.