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Sedentary Occupation Workers Who Meet the Physical Activity Recommendations Have a Reduced Risk for Metabolic Syndrome: A Cross-Sectional Study

Browne, Rodrigo Alberto Vieira MPEd; Farias-Junior, Luiz Fernando MPEd; Freire, Yuri Alberto MPEd; Schwade, Daniel BPEd; Macêdo, Geovani de Araújo Dantas de BPEd; Montenegro, Vilma Bayma BSND; Lopes, Thiago Jambo Alves MPT; Dantas, Filipe Fernandes Oliveira PhD; Costa, Eduardo Caldas PhD

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: November 2017 - Volume 59 - Issue 11 - p 1029–1033
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001104
Original Articles

Objective: We tested the hypothesis that sedentary occupation workers who meet the physical activity recommendations present a lower risk for metabolic syndrome (MetS) than their nonactive counterparts.

Methods: A cross-sectional study involving 502 sedentary occupation workers. Physical activity level was self-reported. MetS was defined by International Diabetes Federation criteria.

Results: The active group showed lower odds for MetS [odds ratio (OR) 0.52, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.27 to 0.98], abdominal obesity (OR 0.36, 95% CI 0.16 to 0.82), elevated blood pressure (OR 0.47, 95% CI 0.26 to 0.84), and reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (OR 0.54, 95% CI 0.31 to 0.93) than the sedentary group after adjustments for age, time in job, body mass index, and tobacco use.

Conclusions: Sedentary occupation workers who meet the physical activity recommendations have a reduced risk for MetS.

Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text

Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil (Mr Browne, Mr Farias-Junior, Dr Costa); Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil (Mr Browne, Mr Farias-Junior, Mr Freire, Mr Schwade, Mr Macêdo, Drs Dantas, Costa); Naval Hospital of Natal, Natal, Natal, Brazil (Ms Montenegro); and Research Laboratory of Exercise Science, CEFAN, Brazilian Navy, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Mr Lopes).

Address correspondence to: Prof. Dr. Eduardo Caldas Costa, PhD, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Departamento de Educação Física, Campus Universitário, BR 101, Lagoa Nova, Natal 59078-970 RN, Brazil (

Authors Costa, Browne, Farias-Junior, Freire, Schwade, Macêdo, Montenegro, Lopes, and Dantas have no relationships/conditions/circumstances that present potential conflict of interest.

The JOEM editorial board and planners have no financial interest related to this research.

Supplemental digital contents are available for this article. Direct URL citation appears in the printed text and is provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (

Copyright © 2017 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine