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Effectiveness of a Multilevel Workplace Health Promotion Program on Vitality, Health, and Work-Related Outcomes

Hendriksen, Ingrid J.M. PhD; Snoijer, Mirjam MSc; de Kok, Brenda P.H. MSc; van Vilsteren, Jeroen; Hofstetter, Hedwig MSc

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: June 2016 - Volume 58 - Issue 6 - p 575–583
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000747
Original Articles

Objective: Evaluation of the effectiveness of a workplace health promotion program on employees’ vitality, health, and work-related outcomes, and exploring the influence of organizational support and the supervisors’ role on these outcomes.

Methods: The 5-month intervention included activities at management, team, and individual level targeting self-management to perform healthy behaviors: a kick-off session, vitality training sessions, workshops, individual coaching, and intervision. Outcome measures were collected using questionnaires, health checks, and sickness absence data at baseline, after the intervention and at 10 months follow-up. For analysis linear and generalized mixed models were used.

Results: Vitality, work performance, sickness absence, and self-management significantly improved. Good organizational support and involved supervisors were significantly associated with lower sickness absence.

Conclusions: Including all organizational levels and focusing on increasing self-management provided promising results for improving vitality, health, and work-related outcomes.

Expertise Centre Lifestyle, Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research TNO (Dr Hendriksen, Mrs de Kok, and Mrs Hofstetter), Leiden; Body@Work Research Center Physical Activity, Work and Health TNO-VU/VUmc (Dr Hendriksen), Amsterdam; and Pim Mulier (Mrs Snoijer, Mr van Vilsteren), Zwolle, The Netherlands.

Address correspondence to: Ingrid J.M. Hendriksen, PhD, Expertise Centre Life Style, TNO, Schipholweg 77-89, 2316 ZL Leiden, The Netherlands (

This project was supported by the Stichting Achmea Gezondheidszorg (SAG, Leiden, The Netherlands), who made it possible to develop and implement the innovative WHPP, and who funded this effectiveness study.

List of the authors’ contribution to the study: IH, MS and V. Hildebrandt conceived the study. IH and BdK drafted the initial manuscript and HH performed the statistical analysis. MS and JvV provided intellectual input. All authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript. The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright © 2016 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine