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Association Between Organization Culture, Health Status, and Presenteeism

Chang, Yao-Tsung MPH; Su, Chien-Tien MD, PhD; Chen, Ruey-yu PhD; Yeh, Ching-Ying PhD; Huang, Pai-Tsang MD; Chen, Chiou-Jong PhD; Chu, Ming MPH

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: July 2015 - Volume 57 - Issue 7 - p 765–771
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000439
Original Articles

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine relationships of organizational culture and health behaviors with presenteeism.

Method: Data of a self-reported questionnaire were collected from 816 employees, who joined the study on a voluntary basis, in seven enterprises in northern Taiwan.

Results: Organizational culture and health behaviors were found to be significantly associated with presenteeism. After adjusting for confounding factors, the number of health complaints seemed to be more suitable than chronic diseases in predicting presenteeism.

Conclusions: This study result implied that advantage could be taken of organizational culture and employees' health behaviors to reduce presenteeism in the workplace.

From the Taipei Medical University (Mr Chang, Dr Su, Dr Chen, Dr Yeh, Dr Chen, and Mr Chu); Taipei Medical University Hospital (Dr Su); Taipei Wanfang Hospital (Dr Huang); Occupational Safety and Health Administration (Dr Chen); and Taiwan Health and Productivity Management Association (Mr Chang, Dr Su, Dr Chen, Dr Yeh, and Mr Chu), Taipei.

Address correspondence to: Ruey-yu Chen, PhD, School of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, No. 250, Wu-Hsing St, Taipei 110, Taiwan (,

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Copyright © 2015 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine