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Implementing a Sleep Health Education and Sleep Disorders Screening Program in Fire Departments: A Comparison of Methodology.

Barger, Laura K. PhD; O’Brien, Conor S. BA; Rajaratnam, Shantha M.W. PhD; Qadri, Salim BS; Sullivan, Jason P. BS; Wang, Wei PhD; Czeisler, Charles A. PhD, MD; Lockley, Steven W. PhD
Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine: Post Author Corrections: March 31, 2016
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000709
Original Article: PDF Only

Objective: The objective of this study is to compare three methods of administering a sleep health program (SHP) in fire departments.

Methods: An SHP, comprising sleep health education and screening for common sleep disorders, was implemented in eight fire departments using three approaches: expert-led, train-the-trainer, and online. Participation rates, knowledge assessments, surveys, and focus group interviews were analyzed to assess the reach and effectiveness of the methodologies.

Results: The Expert-led SHP had the highest participation rate, greatest improvement in knowledge scores, and prompted more firefighters to seek clinical sleep disorder evaluations (41%) than the other approaches (20 to 25%). Forty-two percent of focus group participants reported changing their sleep behaviors.

Conclusion: All approaches yielded reasonable participation rates, but expert-led programs had the greatest reach and effectiveness in educating and screening firefighters for sleep disorders.

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Copyright (C) 2016 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine