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Does Perceived Stress Mediate the Association Between Workplace Bullying and Long-Term Sickness Absence?.

Grynderup, Matias Brødsgaard PhD; Nabe-Nielsen, Kirsten PhD; Lange, Theis PhD; Conway, Paul Maurice PhD; Bonde, Jens Peter PhD; Francioli, Laura PhD; Garde, Anne Helene PhD; Kaerlev, Linda PhD; Rugulies, Reiner PhD; Vammen, Marianne Agergaard MSc; Høgh, Annie PhD; Hansen, Åse Marie PhD
Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine: Post Author Corrections: April 27, 2016
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000750
Original Article: PDF Only

Objective: To examine if perceived stress mediated the association between workplace bullying and subsequent long-term sickness absence.

Methods: The PRISME cohort was established in 2007 and re-examined in 2009. Questionnaire data about workplace bullying and perceived stress were obtained from 4114 individuals. Participants were followed in registers on long-term sickness absence (>=30 consecutive days of sickness absence).

Results: Workplace bullying was associated with subsequent sickness absence (odds ratio [OR] = 2.05; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.57 to 2.65) and concurrent high perceived stress levels (OR = 2.34; 95% CI: 1.86 to 2.96). A high perceived stress level was also associated with subsequent sickness absence (OR = 1.33; 95% CI: 1.13 to 1.56). Perceived stress explained 13% (95% CI: 6 to 23%) of the total association between bullying and sickness absence.

Conclusions: The association between workplace bullying and subsequent long-term sickness absence may be partially mediated by perceived stress.

Copyright (C) 2016 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine