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Effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Training on Health Care Worker Safety: A Randomized Waitlist Controlled Trial

Valley, Morgan Anne MPH, PhD; Stallones, Lorann MPH, PhD

Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine: October 2017 - Volume 59 - Issue 10 - p 935–941
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001090
Original Articles

Objective: The study assessed the impact of mindfulness training on occupational safety of hospital health care workers.

Methods: The study used a randomized waitlist-controlled trial design to test the effect of an 8-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) course on self-reported health care worker safety outcomes, measured at baseline, postintervention, and 6 months later.

Results: Twenty-three hospital health care workers participated in the study (11 in immediate intervention group; 12 in waitlist control group). The MBSR training decreased workplace cognitive failures (F [1, 20] = 7.44, P = 0.013,

) and increased safety compliance behaviors (F [1, 20] = 7.79, P = 0.011,

) among hospital health care workers. Effects were stable 6 months following the training. The MBSR intervention did not significantly affect participants’ promotion of safety in the workplace (F [1, 20] = 0.40, P = 0.54,

).

Conclusions: Mindfulness training may potentially decrease occupational injuries of health care workers.

Department of Psychology (Dr Valley, Dr Stallones); Graduate Degree Program in Public Health, Colorado School of Public Health at Colorado State University (Dr Stallones); High Intermountain Plains Center for Agricultural Health and Safety (Dr Stallones), Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado.

Address correspondence to: Morgan Anne Valley, MPH, PhD, Department of Psychology, Colorado State University, Sage Hall, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1879 (Morgan.Valley@colostate.edu).

Funding: The study was partially funded by a small grant from NIOSH through the Mountain and Plains Education and Research Center.

Authors Valley and Stallones have no relationships/conditions/circumstances that present potential conflict of interest.

The JOEM editorial board and planners have no financial interest related to this research.

Copyright © 2017 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine