Poor sleep can impact occupational functioning. The current study examines health risks, medical conditions, and workplace economic outcomes associated with self-reported hours of sleep among employees.
Employees of a global financial services corporation were categorized on the basis of their self-reported average hours of sleep. Differences in health care costs, productivity measures, health risks, and medical conditions were analyzed by hours of sleep while controlling for confounding variables.
A strong U-shaped relationship between health care costs, short-term disability, absenteeism, and presenteeism (on-the-job work loss) and the hours of sleep was found among employees. The nadir of the “U” occurs for 7 or 8 hours of sleep per night.
Worksite wellness programs often address health risks and medical conditions and may benefit from incorporating sleep education.
University of Illinois at Chicago, American Express Company, Chicago, Illinois (Dr Burton); and University of Michigan Health Management Research Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (Drs Chen, Schultz, Li).
Address correspondence to: Wayne N. Burton, MD, American Express Company, 200 Vesey Street, MC 1-38-05, New York, NY 10285-3805 (email@example.com).
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.