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Effectiveness and Acceptance of a Health Care–Based Mandatory Vaccination Program

Leibu, Rachel MD, MS, MBA; Maslow, Joel MD, PhD, MBA

Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine: January 2015 - Volume 57 - Issue 1 - p 58–61
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000294
Original Articles

Objective: To decrease the risk of transmission of hospital-associated transmission of influenza and pertussis through mandatory vaccination of staff.

Methods: A mandatory influenza and toxoid-diphtheria toxoid-acellular pertussis program was implemented systemwide. A structured vaccine exemption program was implemented for those requesting a medical and/or religious/moral/ethical exemption.

Results: Systemwide influenza vaccination rates increased from 67% historically, 76.2% in the 2012 to 2013 influenza season, to 94.7% in 2013 to 2014 with an overall compliance rate of 97.8%. Toxoid-diphtheria toxoid-acellular pertussis vaccination rates systemwide reached 94.9%, with an overall compliance rate of 98%. Higher rates were experienced at individual hospital facilities compared with the corporate location.

Conclusions: Successful vaccination campaign outcomes can be achieved through diligent enforcement of mandatory vaccination, masking, and other infection prevention procedures.

From the Department of Medicine, Occupational Medicine Service (Dr Leibu) and Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases (Dr Maslow), Morristown Medical Center, N.J.

Address correspondence to: Rachel Leibu, MD, MS, MBA, Occupational Medicine Service, Morristown Medical Center, 100 Madison Ave, Box 94 Morristown, NJ 07962 (Rachel.leibu@atlantichealth.org).

Conflict of Interest: None declared

Sources of Funding: None

Copyright © 2015 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine