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Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000029
Original Articles

Longitudinal Determinants of Energy Levels in Knowledge Workers

Arnetz, Bengt B. MD, PhD; Broadbridge, Carissa L. PhD; Ghosh, Samiran PhD

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Abstract

Objective: Increasingly, workers in the service, welfare, and health care sectors suffer adverse effects (ie, depression, burnout, etc) of “low-energy syndromes.” Less is known about energy-based outcomes among knowledge workers. This study aimed to identify determinants of self-rated energy in knowledge workers and examine how these determinants change over time.

Methods: In collaboration with a large union and employer federation, 317 knowledge workers in Sweden responded to the health and productivity survey three times.

Results: At each assessment, worry, satisfaction with eating habits, and work-effectiveness were predictive of energy levels; however, only work-effectiveness covaried with energy over time.

Conclusions: This study suggests that perceived work-effectiveness is an important factor in preventing knowledge workers from experiencing “low-energy syndromes.” Lifestyle factors also play a role. Therefore, multifaceted interventions for increasing energy are needed.

Copyright © 2014 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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