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Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e318297325b
Original Articles

Are Operating Room Nurses at Higher Risk of Severe Persistent Asthma? The Nurses' Health Study

Le Moual, Nicole PhD; Varraso, Raphaëlle PhD; Zock, Jan Paul PhD; Henneberger, Paul ScD; Speizer, Frank E. MD; Kauffmann, Francine MD; Camargo, Carlos A. Jr MD, DrPH

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Abstract

Objective: To assess the associations between operating room (OR) nursing, a category of health care workers at high risk of exposure to various inhaled agents, and asthma severity/control among women with asthma.

Methods: The level of severity/control in nurses with prevalent doctor-diagnosed asthma in 1998/2000 was compared, using nominal logistic regression, in OR nursing (n = 69) and administrative nursing (n = 546) from the US Nurses' Health Study for whom detailed information on asthma and nursing employment status was available.

Results: We observed a significant association between OR nursing, compared with administrative nursing, and severe persistent asthma (adjusted odds ratio, 2.48; 95% confidence interval, 1.06 to 5.77).

Conclusions: Our findings suggest that nurses working in the OR are at a higher risk of severe persistent asthma. Further studies with detailed estimates of occupational exposures, especially to disinfectant/cleaning agents, are warranted.

Copyright © 2013 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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