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Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182988925
Original Articles

Positive and Negative Mood Trajectories and Their Relationship With Work Ability, Self-Rated Health, and Life Satisfaction: A 13-Year Follow-Up Study

Airila, Auli MSc; Hakanen, Jari J. PhD; Luukkonen, Ritva PhD; Lusa, Sirpa PhD; Punakallio, Anne PhD

Continued Medical Education
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Abstract

Objective: To investigate the change trajectories of positive and negative moods and their relationship to work ability, self-rated health, and life satisfaction in a three-wave 13-year follow-up study.

Methods: The data, consisting of Finnish firefighters (n = 360), were collected via questionnaires in 1996, 1999, and 2009.

Results: Four distinct mood trajectories were identified by latent class growth modeling: (1) high positive, (2) high positive but decreasing, (3) moderately positive, and (4) high negative. The trajectory groups were differentially related to well-being. Members of the high positive trajectory had better well-being than members of other latent mood trajectories.

Conclusions: Different trajectories exist in positive and negative moods, and these trajectories are differentially related to well-being. Developing work environments in which a positive mood can flourish is beneficial in terms of better well-being among employees.

Copyright © 2013 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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