Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Share this article on:

Effects of Occupational Role Conflict and Emotional Demands on Subsequent Psychological Distress: A 3-Year Follow-Up Study of the General Working Population in Norway

Johannessen, Håkon A. PhD; Tynes, Tore MD, PhD; Sterud, Tom PhD

Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine: June 2013 - Volume 55 - Issue 6 - p 605–613
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182917899
Original Articles

Objective: To examine the impact of occupational role conflict and emotional demands on subsequent psychological distress.

Methods: A randomly drawn cohort from the general Norwegian working-age population was followed up for 3 years (n = 12,550; response rate = 67%). Eligible respondents were in paid work during the reference week in 2006 and 2009 or temporarily absent from such work (n = 6,745; response rate = 68%).

Results: In the fully adjusted model, both high role conflict (odds ratios = 1.53; 95% CI = 1.15 to 2.03) and high emotional demands (odds ratios = 1.38; 95% CI = 1.13 to 1.69) were significant predictors of psychological distress. Additional significant predictors were low job control, bullying/harassment, and job insecurity (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: Considering all of the evaluated work-related factors, role conflict and emotional demands contributed the most to the population risk of developing psychological distress.

From the National Institute of Occupational Health, Oslo, Norway.

Address correspondence to: Håkon A. Johannessen, PhD, PO Box 8149 Dep, N-0033 Oslo, Norway (hajo@stami.no).

Authors Johannessen, Tynes, and Sterud have no relationships/conditions/circumstances that present potential conflict of interest.

The JOEM editorial board and planners have no financial interest related to this research.

©2013The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine