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Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182917899
Original Articles

Effects of Occupational Role Conflict and Emotional Demands on Subsequent Psychological Distress: A 3-Year Follow-Up Study of the General Working Population in Norway

Johannessen, Håkon A. PhD; Tynes, Tore MD, PhD; Sterud, Tom PhD

Continued Medical Education
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Abstract

Objective: To examine the impact of occupational role conflict and emotional demands on subsequent psychological distress.

Methods: A randomly drawn cohort from the general Norwegian working-age population was followed up for 3 years (n = 12,550; response rate = 67%). Eligible respondents were in paid work during the reference week in 2006 and 2009 or temporarily absent from such work (n = 6,745; response rate = 68%).

Results: In the fully adjusted model, both high role conflict (odds ratios = 1.53; 95% CI = 1.15 to 2.03) and high emotional demands (odds ratios = 1.38; 95% CI = 1.13 to 1.69) were significant predictors of psychological distress. Additional significant predictors were low job control, bullying/harassment, and job insecurity (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: Considering all of the evaluated work-related factors, role conflict and emotional demands contributed the most to the population risk of developing psychological distress.

©2013The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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