Objective: To examine the longitudinal relationship between modifiable well-being risks and productivity.
Methods: A total of 19,121 employees from five employers participated in baseline and follow-up well-being assessment surveys. Multivariate regressions assessed whether changes in absenteeism, presenteeism, and job performance were associated with changes in 19 modifiable well-being risks.
Results: Over time, a 5% reduction in total count of well-being risks was significantly associated with 0.74% decrease in absenteeism, 2.38% decrease in presenteeism, and 0.24% increase in performance. High blood pressure, recurring pain, unhealthy diet, inadequate exercise, poor emotional health, poor supervisor relationship, not utilizing strengths doing job, and organization unsupportive of well-being had greater independent contributions in explaining productivity impairment.
Conclusions: The often-ignored well-being risks such as work-related and financial health risks provided incremental explanation of longitudinal productivity variations beyond traditional measures of health-related risks.
From Healthways, Inc, Center for Health Research, Franklin, Tennessee.
Address correspondence to: Yuyan Shi, PhD, 701 Cool Springs Blvd, Healthways, Inc, Center for Health Research, Franklin, TN 37067 (Yuyan.Shi@healthways.com).
This study was funded by Healthways, Inc.
Disclosure: The authors were employed by or stakeholders of Healthways, Inc, when the work was conducted.
Authors Shi, Sears, Coberley, and Pope have no relationships/conditions/circumstances that present potential conflict of interest.
The JOEM editorial board and planners have no financial interest related to this research.