Skip Navigation LinksHome > January 2013 - Volume 55 - Issue 1 > Work–Life Balance Culture, Work–Home Interaction, and Emotio...
Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31826eefb1
Original Articles

Work–Life Balance Culture, Work–Home Interaction, and Emotional Exhaustion: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach

Nitzsche, Anika Dipl Soz; Pfaff, Holger PhD; Jung, Julia PhD; Driller, Elke PhD

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Abstract

Objective: To examine the relationships among employees' emotional exhaustion, positive and negative work–home interaction, and perceived work–life balance culture in companies.

Methods: Data for this study were collected through online surveys of employees from companies in the micro- and nanotechnology sectors (N = 509). A structural equation modeling analysis was performed.

Results: A company culture perceived by employees as supportive of their work–life balance was found to have both a direct negative effect on emotional exhaustion and an indirect negative effect meditated by negative work–home interaction. In addition, whereas negative work–home interaction associated positively with emotional exhaustion, positive work–home interaction had no significant effect.

Conclusions: The direct and indirect relationship between work–life balance culture and emotional exhaustion has practical implications for health promotion in companies.

©2013The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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