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Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31826ef177
Original Articles

Effects of Airborne Metals on Lung Function in Inner Mongolian Schoolchildren

Madaniyazi, Lina MSc; Guo, Yuming PhD; Ye, Xiaofang PhD; Kim, Daeseon PhD; Zhang, Yixiang MSc; Pan, Xiaochuan MSc

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Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the effects of particles and their components on lung function.

Methods: A panel study was conducted on 107 primary schoolchildren. The peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) for each subject was measured three times a day for 40 days continuously. Particulate air concentrations were measured every day. The concentrations of Pb, Ni, Fe, Mn, Cr, As, Cd, and Zn in particles were measured. Linear mixed-effect models were used to estimate the associations between particles, metal elements, and PEFR.

Results: We found that the increase in particles in air was associated with a significant reduction in PEFR. Its effects lasted 2 to 5 days. Pb, Ni, Fe, Mn, and Cr in particles also reduced PEFR. As and Cd increased PEFR. Zn showed inconstant effects on PEFR.

Conclusion: This study suggested that most metal components in particles have negative effects on children's lung function.

©2013The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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