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The Impact of the Worksite Heart Health Improvement Project on Work Ability: A Pilot Study

Flannery, Kelly PhD, RN; Resnick, Barbara PhD, CRNP; McMullen, Tara L. MPH

Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine: November 2012 - Volume 54 - Issue 11 - p 1406–1412
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182619053
Original Articles

Objective: To test the efficacy of the Worksite Heart Health Improvement Project (WHHIP).

Methods: The WHHIP was a quasi-experimental, 6-month pilot performed in two long-term care facilities. Thirty-nine minority female nursing assistants participated in this study. The 3-month WHHIP intervention focused on reducing cardiovascular disease risk by increasing physical activity and reducing the amount of salt and fat consumed. The intervention included three components: environmental and policy assessment; education; and ongoing motivation. The control site received education only. Measures were collected at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months and included work ability, job stress, and job satisfaction.

Results: Generalized estimating equations showed that the treatment group demonstrated significant improvements in work ability (P = 0.049).

Conclusions: There was preliminary evidence that the WHHIP improved work ability, and future research should assess the impact of improved work ability on patients.

From the School of Nursing (Drs Flannery and Resnick), University of Maryland, Baltimore; and Doctoral Program in Gerontology (Ms McMullen), University of Maryland, Baltimore County.

Address correspondence to: Kelly Flannery, PhD, RN, School of Nursing, University of Maryland, Baltimore, 655 W Lombard Street, Room 652, Baltimore, MD 21201 (Kflan001@son.umaryland.edu).

This work was funded by Sigma Theta Tau International.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

©2012The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine