Skip Navigation LinksHome > November 2012 - Volume 54 - Issue 11 > Poor Health but Not Absent: Prevalence, Predictors, and Outc...
Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31825dff4b
Original Articles

Poor Health but Not Absent: Prevalence, Predictors, and Outcomes of Presenteeism

Robertson, Ivan PhD; Leach, Desmond PhD; Doerner, Nadin PhD; Smeed, Matthew MSc

Continued Medical Education
Collapse Box


Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of presenteeism, to develop and test a model of the relationship between workplace factors and presenteeism, and to assess the perceived influence of manager, coworkers, and self on presenteeism.

Methods: We used survey data collected for 6309 employees from seven different organizations.

Results: Nearly 60% of the sample reported presenteeism during a 3-month period. The model was supported, with presenteeism linking workplace factors and health outcomes to productivity, as predicted. The majority of participants (67%) indicated that the primary pressure to attend work while sick came from themselves. A substantial minority (20%) also indicated the manager as a source of pressure.

Conclusions: Psychosocial workplace factors are predictive of presenteeism, and efforts to control them, including the use of more effective management, may impact presenteeism rates and the resulting levels of productivity.

©2012The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine


Article Tools


Article Level Metrics