Skip Navigation LinksHome > August 2012 - Volume 54 - Issue 8 > Work Organization and Musculoskeletal Health: Clinical Findi...
Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e318254640d
Original Articles

Work Organization and Musculoskeletal Health: Clinical Findings From Immigrant Latino Poultry Processing and Other Manual Workers

Grzywacz, Joseph G. PhD; Arcury, Thomas A. PhD; Mora, Dana MPH; Anderson, Andrea M. MS; Chen, Haiying PhD; Rosenbaum, Daryl A. MD; Schulz, Mark R. PhD; Quandt, Sara A. PhD

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Objective: To determine the potential role of differential exposure to work organization hazards in musculoskeletal disorders among immigrant Latino workers.

Method: Self-reported work organization data were obtained from immigrant Latino workers in poultry processing and nonpoultry, manual occupations (N = 742). Clinical evaluations for epicondylitis, rotator cuff syndrome, and back pain were obtained from a subsample (n = 518).

Results: Several work organization hazards (eg, low job control, high psychological demands) were elevated among poultry processing workers. Job control predicted epicondylitis (odds ratio [OR] = 0.77) and rotator cuff syndrome (OR = 0.79); psychological demand predicted rotator cuff syndrome (OR = 1.30) and back pain (OR = 1.24); awkward posture and repeated movements predicted all three outcomes; and management safety commitment predicted rotator cuff syndrome (OR = 1.65) and back pain (OR = 1.81).

Discussion: Immigrant poultry processing workers are exposed to greater work organization hazards that may contribute to occupational health disparities.

©2012The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine


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