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The Impact of Work Nature, Lifestyle, and Obesity on Health-Related Quality of Life in Chinese Professional Drivers

Wong, Carlos K.H. MPhil; Fung, Colman S.C. MBBS; Siu, Shing-Chung MBBS; Wong, Ka-Wai MSN; Lee, Ka-Fai MBChB; Lo, Yvonne Y.C. MBChB; Fong, Daniel Y.T. PhD; Lam, Cindy L.K. MD

Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine: August 2012 - Volume 54 - Issue 8 - p 989–994
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182535d7d
Original Articles

Objective: To assess the association of work nature, lifestyle and obesity with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in professional drivers.

Methods: A total of 3376 Chinese professional drivers aged 18 to 70 years were recruited to assess the HRQOL by SF-12 summary scores (Physical Component Summary [PCS]; Mental Component Summary [MCS]), and collect data for work nature, lifestyle, and body mass index. Factors associated with HRQOL were examined by multiphase regression analyses.

Results: Professional drivers reported poorer physical and mental HRQOL than the general population. Shift work and lorry driving had significant negative effect on HRQOL. Obesity was associated with lower PCS but higher MCS.

Conclusions: HRQOL of professional drivers tended to be low, especially among lorry drivers and shift drivers. Health intervention programs should promote regular exercise, healthy eating, no smoking, and weight control, which are modifiable factors improving HRQOL.

From the Department of Family Medicine and Primary Care (Mr CKH Wong, Drs Fung, Lo, and Lam) and School of Nursing (Dr Fong), The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong; Diabetes Centre (Dr Siu and Ms K-W Wong), Department of Medicine and Rehabilitation, Tung Wah Eastern Hospital, Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong; and Department of Medicine (Dr Lee), Kwong Wah Hospital, Kowloon, Hong Kong

Address correspondence to: Colman S.C. Fung, MBBS, 3/F, Ap Lei Chau Clinic, 161 Ap Lei Chau Main Street, Ap Lei Chau, Hong Kong (cfsc@hku.hk).

Dr Siu and Ms K-W Wong received a grant from board of Tung Wah Group of Hospitals, Hong Kong SAR. For the remaining authors no conflict of interest were declared.

©2012The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine