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Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31825107bb
Original Articles

The Effects of Workplace Occupational Mental Health and Related Activities on Psychological Distress Among Workers: A Multilevel Cross-Sectional Analysis

Eguchi, Hisashi MD; Tsuda, Yoko BHSc; Tsukahara, Teruomi MD, DrMedSci; Washizuka, Shinsuke MD, PhD; Kawakami, Norito MD, DrMedSci; Nomiyama, Tetsuo MD, DrMedSci

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Abstract

Objective: To investigate the association of workplace occupational mental health (OMH) and related activities with psychological distress of workers in Japan.

Methods: A total of 121 workplaces and their 3540 workers were surveyed using questionnaires assessing selected workplace OMH activities, demographic characteristics, psychological distress, and psychosocial work environment of the workers. A multilevel analysis was conducted.

Results: Promotion of communication correlated significantly and negatively with psychological distress among workers after adjusting for the covariates (P < 0.01). Occupational mental health activities correlated marginally significantly and negatively with psychological distress (P = 0.06). Their moderating effect for the worker-level association between psychosocial work environment and psychological distress was not significant.

Conclusions: The findings suggest that promotion of communication in the workplace is associated with reduced psychological distress among workers. In addition, OMH activities may also be useful in reducing psychological distress.

©2012The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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