Objective: Confusion exists regarding the approach to quantifying employer value of worksite nonoccupational care. A literature review and analysis was performed to characterize and critically evaluate existing methods to quantify the value of these services.
Methods: PubMed was searched for publications describing measurement of value of nonoccupational worksite clinic services in US locations. Nineteen studies and two methodologic reviews met criteria for further analysis.
Results: Return-on-investment calculations were commonly based on the comparative cost-effectiveness of worksite clinic services relative to community health care. Only one study evaluated the impact of worksite clinics on health care cost trend among clinic users, and none assessed the impact on total health and productivity costs.
Conclusions: Significant variability exists among current methods for calculating return on investment of nonoccupational worksite health care services; methodologic approaches are poorly aligned with employer health care cost containment objectives.