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Free Choice Access to Multipoint Wellness Education and Related Services Positively Impacts Employee Wellness: A Randomized and Controlled Trial

Sforzo, Gary A. PhD; Kaye, Miranda P. PhD; Calleri, David BS; Ngai, Nancy BS

Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine: April 2012 - Volume 54 - Issue 4 - p 471–477
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182479f5c
Original Articles

Objective: Examine effects of voluntary participation in employer-sponsored, multipoint wellness education programming on employee wellness.

Methods: A randomized and controlled design was used to organize 96 participants into an education + access group; an access-only group, and control group. Outcome measures were made at start and end of a 12-week intervention period.

Results: Education + access improved wellness knowledge, which, in turn, enhanced life satisfaction, employee morale, and energy, and nearly improved stress level. Those who received facility access without educational programming did not reap health benefits. Employees voluntarily used the fitness facility and healthy meal cards only 1.3 and 1.5 times per week, respectively.

Conclusions: Participants made limited and likely inadequate use of wellness opportunities. As a result, physical health benefits (eg, blood pressure, fitness parameters) were not seen in the present study. However, multipoint wellness education resulted in psychosocial health benefits in 12 weeks.

From the Department of Exercise & Sport Sciences (Drs Sforzo and Kaye), Ithaca College, Ithaca, NY; and Department of Health Promotion & Clinical Integration (Mr Calleri and Ms Ngai), Plus One Health Management, New York, NY.

Address correspondence to: Gary A. Sforzo, PhD, Department of Exercise & Sport Sciences, 323 Center for Health Sciences, Ithaca College, Ithaca, NY 14850 (sforzo@ithaca.edu).

Drs Sforzo and Kaye received funding for this work from Plus One Health Management for consulting on study design, data collection, analysis, and interpretation.

©2012The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine