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A Review of the Knowledge Base on Healthy Worksite Culture

Aldana, Steven G. PhD; Anderson, David R. PhD, LP; Adams, Troy B. PhD; Whitmer, R. William MBA; Merrill, Ray M. PhD, MPH; George, Victoria MA, MPH; Noyce, Jerry BBA

Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine: April 2012 - Volume 54 - Issue 4 - p 414–419
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31824be25f
Original Articles

Objective: To identify the need for worksite cultures of health, the organizational factors that support worksite cultures of health, the tools that have been used to measure worksite cultures of health, and the research needs related to healthy worksite culture.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey involving a sample of 500 companies representing a broad spectrum of industries and business sectors. A literature review was conducted.

Results: Similar to a culture of safety that encourages safer behaviors and enables a safer workplace, a culture of health provides a supportive work leadership with a favorable work environment and health-related policies that promote employee health and result in substantial decrease in employee health risks and medical costs.

Conclusion: Worksite policies and environments supporting a culture of health are important to helping employees adopt and maintain healthy behaviors.

From the Lifestyle Research Group (Drs Aldana and Adams), Mapleton, Utah; Health Enhancement Research Organization (HERO) Research Committee (Dr Anderson), St Paul, Minnesota; Health Enhancement Research Organization (HERO) (Mr Whitmer and Mr Noyce), Edina, Minnesota; Department of Health Science (Dr Merrill), College of Life Sciences, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah; and Total Health & Productivity Program Evaluation (Ms George), Kaiser Permanente Oakland, California.

Address correspondence to: Ray M. Merrill, PhD, MPH, Department of Health Science, College of Life Sciences, Brigham Young University, 29-A Richards Building, Provo, UT 84602 (Ray_Merrill@byu.edu).

This project was sponsored by Kaiser Permanente HealthWorks.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

©2012The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine