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Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31823ea9d9
ORIGINAL ARTICLES: CME Available for this Article at

Burnout and Behavior-Related Health Risk Factors: Results From the Population-Based Finnish Health 2000 Study

Ahola, Kirsi PhD; Pulkki-Råback, Laura PhD; Kouvonen, Anne PhD; Rossi, Helena MD; Aromaa, Arpo MD, PhD; Lönnqvist, Jouko MD, PhD

Continued Medical Education
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Objective: To explore the relationship between burnout and behavior-related health risk factors.

Methods: We collected data from a population-based sample (n = 3264) through interviews, questionnaires, and health examinations. Burnout was assessed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory—General Survey. Smoking, alcohol consumption, and leisure-time physical activity were self-reported. Obesity was based on measurements at screening.

Results: Burnout and exhaustion were associated with a higher likelihood of risk factors. More specifically, burnout syndrome was related to low physical activity and obesity, exhaustion dimension to low physical activity and heavy drinking, cynicism dimension to low physical activity, and diminished professional efficacy to low physical activity, obesity, and lower likelihood of heavy drinking.

Conclusions: Improving working conditions and psychoeducation on recommended ways of coping and recovery could help to prevent negative health consequences of chronic work stress.

©2012The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine


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