Skip Navigation LinksHome > October 2011 - Volume 53 - Issue 10 > Cardiovascular Fitness Levels Among American Workers
Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31822cfe8e
Original Articles

Cardiovascular Fitness Levels Among American Workers

Lewis, John E. PhD; Clark, John D. III MD, PhD; LeBlanc, William G. PhD; Fleming, Lora E. MD, PhD; Cabán-Martinez, Alberto J. MPH; Arheart, Kristopher L. EdD; Tannenbaum, Stacey L. PhD; Ocasio, Manuel A. BA; Davila, Evelyn P. PhD; Kachan, Diana BS; McCollister, Kathryn PhD; Dietz, Noella PhD; Bandiera, Frank C. MPH; Clarke, Tainya C. MPH; Lee, David J. PhD

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Abstract

Objective: To explore cardiovascular fitness in 40 occupations using a nationally representative sample of the US population.

Methods: Respondents aged 18 to 49 years (N = 3354) from the 1999 to 2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were evaluated for cardiovascular fitness and classified into low, moderate, and high levels. Comparisons were made among occupations.

Results: Of all the US workers, 16% had low, 36% moderate, and 48% high cardiovascular fitness. Administrators, health occupations, wait staff, personal services, and agricultural occupations had a lesser percentage of workers with low cardiovascular fitness compared with all others. Sales workers, administrative support, and food preparers had a higher percentage of workers with low cardiovascular fitness compared with all others.

Conclusions: Cardiovascular fitness varies significantly across occupations, and those with limited physical activity have higher percentages of low cardiovascular fitness. Workplace strategies are needed to promote cardiovascular fitness among high-risk occupations.

©2011The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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