Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Share this article on:

Lessons From Air Pollution Epidemiology for Studies of Engineered Nanomaterials

Peters, Annette PhD; Rückerl, Regina PhD; Cyrys, Josef PhD

Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine: June 2011 - Volume 53 - Issue - p S8–S13
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31821ad5c0
Background: Original Article

Objectives: This article discusses evidence from epidemiological studies on air pollution for assessing engineered nano-sized particles in workplace environments.

Methods: Results from epidemiological studies on health effects of fine and ultrafine particles are summarized. These findings are applied to workplaces exposed to engineered nanoparticles.

Results: Ultrafine or nano-sized particles smaller than 100 nm represent potential health hazards. Because of their short half-lives in ambient air and their large spatial variability, individual exposures in population-based studies are likely to be misclassified.

Conclusions: Studies of health effects of nanoparticles in occupational settings seem mandated for adequate worker protection but face several challenges, including exposure quantification and adequate confounder characterization. Inclusion of personal measurements of ultrafine particles in future studies will allow exploiting the full scale of temporal-spatial variation of both ambient and engineered nanoparticles.

Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Epidemiology II, Neuherberg, Germany (Drs Peters, Rückerl, and Cyrys); Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health, Boston, MA (Dr Peters); and University of Augsburg, Environment Science Center, Augsburg, Germany (Dr Cyrys).

Address correspondence to: Annette Peters, PhD, Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Epidemiology II, Ingolstädter Landstr 1, 87564 Neuherberg, Germany; peters@helmholtz-muenchen.de.

©2011The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine