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Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31820d101e
Original Articles

Assault Rates and Implementation of a Workplace Violence Prevention Program in the Veterans Health Care Administration

Mohr, David C. PhD; Warren, Nicholas ScD, MAT; Hodgson, Michael J. MD, MPH; Drummond, David J. PhD

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Abstract

Objective: This study examined the relationship between changes in assault rates over time and the implementation of a workplace violence prevention (WVP) program in 138 Department of Veterans Affairs health care facilities.

Methods: Data on WVP implementation were assessed for each facility by a three-person team. We computed three WVP dimension scores: training, workplace practices, and environmental control and security. We obtained 6 years of assault rate data from the national injury system. Using a linear mixed model, we analyzed whether the WVP implementation was associated with lower assault rates controlling for time and organizational characteristics.

Results: Training implementation was negatively associated with assault rates. Facilities with smaller bed sizes and without academic affiliates had lower assault rates.

Conclusions: Particular attention should be given to these dimensions because they may be associated with lower facility-level assault rates.

©2011The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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