Skip Navigation LinksHome > May 2010 - Volume 52 - Issue 5 > Young Adults, Mortality, and Employment.
Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181d5e371
Original Articles

Young Adults, Mortality, and Employment.

Davila, Evelyn P. PhD; Christ, Sharon L. PhD; Caban-Martinez, Alberto J. MPH; Lee, David J. PhD; Arheart, Kristopher L. EdD; LeBlanc, William G. PhD; McCollister, Kathryn E. PhD; Clarke, Tainya MPH; Zimmerman, Frederick PhD; Goodman, Elizabeth MD, PhD; Muntaner, Carles MD, PhD; Fleming, Lora E. MD, PhD, MPH, MSc

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Abstract

Objective: This study assessed the relationship between employment status and mortality over a 2-year period among a nationally representative sample of young adults aged 18 to 24 years (n = 121,478, representing more than 21 million US young adults).

Methods: By using data from the 1986–2000 National Health Interview Survey and its public-use mortality follow-up through 2002, mortality after 2-year follow-up (for each individual) was regressed on employment status at baseline, controlling for gender, race, education, season, and survey design.

Results: Having been employed was associated with significantly lower risks of all-cause, homicide, and “other-cause” mortality (adjusted odds ratios range: 0.51 to 0.60).

Conclusion: Working appears to be a factor that may prevent premature mortality among young adults; increasing unemployment may result in increased mortality risks among young adults in the future.

©2010The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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