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Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181dd086b
Original Articles

Is Job-Related Stress the Link Between Cardiovascular Disease and the Law Enforcement Profession?

Franke, Warren D. PhD; Kohut, Marian L. PhD; Russell, Daniel W. PhD; Yoo, Hye Lim MS; Ekkekakis, Panteleimon PhD; Ramey, Sandra P. PhD

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Abstract

Objective: To determine whether job-related stress is associated with alterations in pro- and anti-atherogenic inflammatory mediators among law enforcement officers.

Methods: Markers of vascular inflammation and the self-reported stress measures of perceived stress, vital exhaustion, job strain, effort-reward imbalance, and social support were compared between officers (N = 444) and non-officers (N = 166).

Results: Officers had higher levels of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-α and lower levels of C-reactive protein and fibrinogen. No more than 4% of the variability in any of the inflammatory mediators was explained by any stress measure for either the two groups or the entire sample.

Conclusions: Law enforcement officers may be at an increased risk for cardiovascular disease due to a relatively greater pro-inflammatory vascular environment. However, this increased risk cannot be attributed to either chronic stress or the work-related stress measures assessed here.

©2010The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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