Objective: To investigate the association between particulate matter (PM2.5) and urinary 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in hypertensive and non-hypertensive individuals.
Methods: Twelve hypertensives and nine non-hypertensives were monitored during a 36-hour period using a repeated-measures panel study design. Personal exposure to PM2.5 was assessed using a real-time continuous monitor. Spot urine samples collected at 12-hour intervals were analyzed for 8-OHdG.
Results: Exposure to PM2.5 was associated with a decrease in 8-OHdG in hypertensives compared with an increase in non-hypertensives, after adjusting for age, gender, smoking status, and time of day.
Conclusions: The results suggest modification of the association between PM2.5 exposure and urinary 8-OHdG by hypertension status. Antioxidant activity present in antihypertensive medications may play a role or PM2.5 exposure may reduce the capacity to repair DNA damage in hypertensives. These results should be confirmed with further investigation.