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Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181a2feeb
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Health of US Veterans of 1991 Gulf War: A Follow-Up Survey in 10 Years

Kang, Han K. DrPH; Li, Bo MA; Mahan, Clare M. PhD; Eisen, Seth A. MD, MSc; Engel, Charles C. MD, MPH

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Abstract

Objective: To assess periodically the health status of a cohort of 1991 Gulf War veterans by comparing various health outcomes with those of their military peers who were not deployed to the Gulf.

Methods: We conducted a follow-up health survey to collect health information among population-based samples of 30,000 veterans (15,000 Gulf War veterans and 15,000 Gulf Era veterans) using a structured questionnaire.

Results: Gulf veterans reported significantly higher rates of unexplained multi-symptom illness, chronic fatigue syndrome-like illness, posttraumatic stress disorder, functional impairment, health care utilization, a majority of selected physical conditions and all mental disorders queried during the survey than did Gulf Era veteran controls.

Conclusions: Fourteen years after deployment, 1991 Gulf War veterans continue to report a higher prevalence of many adverse health outcomes, compared with Gulf Era veterans.

©2009The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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