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Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31817f9e43
Original Articles: Special Section on Climate Change and Health

Independent and Combined Influence of Physical Activity and Perceived Stress on the Metabolic Syndrome in Male Law Enforcement Officers

Yoo, Hye Lim MS; Eisenmann, Joey C. PhD; Franke, Warren D. PhD

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Abstract

Objective: To examine the independent and combined interrelationships among physical activity, perceived stress, and the metabolic syndrome in law enforcement officers (LEOs).

Methods: Perceived stress, self-reported physical activity, and metabolic syndrome risk factors were assessed in 386 white male LEOs.

Results: Among the LEOs, 23.1% had the metabolic syndrome. The metabolic syndrome was not significantly associated with perceived stress (r = 0.047) whereas physical activity was (r = −0.225, P < 0.0001). The odds ratios (95% CI) for possessing the metabolic syndrome in the low and moderate physical activity groups compared to the high physical activity group were 3.13 (95% CI = 1.56 to 6.26) and 2.30 (95% CI = 1.29 to 4.09), respectively.

Conclusions: Regardless of stress level, physical inactivity is an important risk factor in the metabolic syndrome among this unique occupational group.

©2009The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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