Objective: Examine the effectiveness of a robbery and violence prevention program in small businesses in Los Angeles.
Methods: Gas/convenience, liquor and grocery stores, bars/restaurants, and motels were enrolled between 1997 and 2000. Intervention businesses (n = 305) were provided training, program implementation materials, and recommendations for a comprehensive security program. Control businesses (n = 96) received neither training nor program materials.
Results: Rate ratios comparing intervention to control businesses were 0.90 for violent crime (95% confidence limits [CL] = 0.53, 1.53) and 0.81 for robbery (95% CL = 0.38, 1.73). The reduction in violent crime was concentrated in high-compliance intervention businesses (risk ratio = 0.74, 95% CL = 0.40, 1.36). Low-compliance intervention businesses had practically the same postintervention crime as the control businesses.
Conclusions: Our results suggest that the workplace violence intervention may reduce violent crime among high-risk businesses, especially those with high program compliance.
From the Department of Epidemiology (Dr Casteel), University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC; Department of Occupational and Environmental Health (Dr Peek-Asa), University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa; Department of Epidemiology (Dr Greenland, Dr Kraus), University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, Calif.; and Department of Health Sciences (Dr Chu), California State University, Northridge, Northridge, Calif.
Address correspondence to: Carri Casteel, University of North Carolina, 137 East Franklin Street, Suite 500, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7505; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.