Objectives: Investigate factors associated with employee participation rates in health risk assessments.
Methods: This cross-sectional study using multiple regression analyzed data from 124 employers with 882,275 eligible employees who completed 344,825 health and productivity assessments (HPAs).
Results: Incentive value and Communications and Organizational Commitment Level (Com/Org Level) were the strongest predictors of HPA completion rates. Employer size and a Gateway Model were also significant predictors. In addition, a correlation of variables showed other important relationships. To achieve a 50% HPA completion rate, employers with a low Com/Org Level will need an incentive value of approximately $120 whereas employers with a high Com/Org Level only need approximately $40—a difference of $80 dollars.
Conclusion: This applied study offers empirical evidence to help employers increase their employees' participation in health risk assessments.