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Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181651584
Original Articles

Effectiveness of a Preventive Coaching Intervention for Employees at Risk for Sickness Absence Due to Psychosocial Health Complaints: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial

Duijts, Saskia F. A. PhD; Kant, IJmert PhD; van den Brandt, Piet A. PhD; Swaen, Gerard M. H. PhD

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Abstract

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of a preventive coaching intervention on sickness absence due to psychosocial health complaints and on general well being of employees.

Methods: Employees at risk for sickness absence were identified and randomized. The intervention group received the preventive coaching program; the control group received usual care. Primary outcome measure of the trial is sickness absence due to psychosocial health complaints; secondary outcome measures are related to general well being, such as psychological distress, fatigue, and coping.

Results: No effect of coaching on self-reported sickness absence due to psychosocial health complaints was found. The intervention group reported statistically significant improved health, declined psychological distress, less burnout, less need for recovery, and an increased satisfaction with life.

Conclusions: This study shows that the coaching intervention primarily has an effect on general well being of employees.

©2008The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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