Skip Navigation LinksHome > October 2006 - Volume 48 - Issue 10 > Effect of Smoking Status on Productivity Loss
Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/01.jom.0000243406.08419.74
Original Articles

Effect of Smoking Status on Productivity Loss

Bunn, William B. III MD, JD, MPH; Stave, Gregg M. MD, JD, MPH; Downs, Kristen E. MSPH; Alvir, Jose Ma. J. DrPH; Dirani, Riad PhD

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Objective: The objective of this study was to describe health-related productivity losses in nonsmokers, former smokers, and current smokers using a large, cross-sectional database of U.S. employees.

Methods: Volunteers completed the Wellness Inventory, an instrument measuring productivity losses related to 11 health conditions affecting employee health. Results are aggregated, dollarized, and reported by smoking group.

Results: Current smokers missed more days of work and experienced more unproductive time at work compared with former smokers and nonsmokers. The average annual cost for lost productivity for nonsmokers was $2623/year compared with $3246/year for former smokers and $4430/year for current smokers. More than half the costs were due to unproductive time at work.

Conclusion: Current smokers incurred the highest productivity losses, which translated into higher costs to employers for current smokers. Costs were lower for former smokers and nonsmokers.

©2006The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine


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