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Effectiveness of an Incentive-Based Online Physical Activity Intervention on Employee Health Status

Herman, Christopher W. MS; Musich, Shirley PhD; Lu, Chifung MS; Sill, Stewart MS; Young, Joyce M. MD; Edington, Dee W. PhD

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: September 2006 - Volume 48 - Issue 9 - p 889-895
doi: 10.1097/01.jom.0000232526.27103.71
Original Articles

Objective: The objective of this study was to test whether a financial incentive integrated with health benefits for an online physical activity program was associated with increased employee participation and improved health status among participants compared with nonparticipants.

Methods: Participation in the Virtual Fitness Center (VFC), an online physical activity program associated with a $150 cash rebate, was assessed. Risk status for 2004 VFC participants and nonparticipants was compared using a health risk appraisal.

Results: A total of 53.8% of total eligible employees were VFC participants and reduced their risk for physical inactivity (8.4% points), life dissatisfaction (2.1), low perception of health (1.9), high risk status (1.3), smoking (0.4), and high body weight (0.2).

Conclusions: Providing a cash incentive is one strategy for encouraging VFC participation and eliciting improved health status in an employer-sponsored, web-based physical activity program.

From the University of Michigan Health Management Research Center (Mr Herman, Dr Musich, Ms Lu, Dr Edington), Ann Arbor, MI; and IBM Corporation Research Triangle Park, NC (Mr Sill, Dr Young).

CME Available for this Article at ACOEM.org

Christopher Herman has no commercial interest related to this article.

Address correspondence to: Christopher Herman, MS, Health Management Research Center, The University of Michigan, 1027 E. Huron St., Ann Arbor, MI 48104-1688. E-mail: hermanch@umich.edu

©2006The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine