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Association Between Congenital Anomalies and Paternal Exposure to Agricultural Pesticides Depending on Mothers Employment Status

Ronda, Elena MPH; Regidor, Enrique MPH; García, Ana M. MPH; Domínguez, Vicente MPH

Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine:
Original Articles

Objective: We analyzed the association between fetal death from congenital anomalies and paternal agricultural occupation in mothers who were employed and in housewives.

Materials and Methods: The data consist of individual records from the Spanish Birth Register (1995-1999).

Results: The adjusted relative risk of fetal death in agricultural workers compared with nonagricultural was 1.24 (95% confidence interval = 0.38- 4.02) in mothers who were employed and 1.68 (95% confidence interval = 1.03-2.73) in housewives.

Conclusion: The risk of fetal death in the offspring of agricultural workers exposed to pesticides around the time of conception was higher than in the offspring of nonagricultural workers in mothers who were housewives but not in mothers who worked outside the home.

Author Information

From the Department of Public Health, Universidad de Alicante; Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Universidad Complutense de Madrid; and Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Universidad de Valencia, Spain.

Address correspondence to: Dr Elena Ronda. Department of Public Health, University of Alicante, Ap. Correos 99, E03080, Alicante, Spain. E-mail:

©2005The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine