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Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine:
Original Articles

Health-Related Workplace Productivity Measurement: General and Migraine-Specific Recommendations from the ACOEM Expert Panel

Loeppke, Ronald MD, MPH; Hymel, Pamela A. MD, MPH; Lofland, Jennifer H. PharmD, MPH; Pizzi, Laura T. PharmD; Konicki, Doris L. MHS; Anstadt, George W. MD; Baase, Catherine MD; Fortuna, Joseph MD, MPH; Scharf, Ted PhD; on behalf of the members of the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine Expert Panel

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Abstract

An establishment of health-related productivity measurements and critical evaluation of health-related productivity tools is needed. An expert panel was created. A literature search was conducted to identify health-related productivity measurement tools. Each instrument was reviewed for: 1) supporting scientific evidence (eg, reliability and validity); 2) applicability to various types of occupations, diseases, and level of severity of disease; 3) ability to translate data into a monetary unit; and 4) practicality. A modified Delphi technique was used to build consensus. The expert panel recommended absenteeism, presenteeism, and employee turnover/replacement costs as key elements of workplace health-related productivity measurement. The panel also recommended that productivity instruments should: 1) have supporting scientific evidence, 2) be applicable to the particular work setting, 3) be supportive of effective business decision-making, and 4) be practical. Six productivity measurement tools were reviewed. The panel recommended necessary elements of workplace health-related productivity measurement, key characteristics for evaluating instruments, and tools for measuring work loss. Continued research, validation, and on-going evaluation of health-related productivity instruments are needed.

©2003The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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