Direct care nurses and nurse leaders were surveyed on their perceptions of the appropriateness, importance, and use in daily practice of 10 clinical nursing competencies needed for nurses to be successful in the future. Competencies needed in the 21st century are not based entirely on task-driven motor skills because comprehensive knowledge is essential to care for complex patients. Differences identified between direct care nurses, leaders, and educational levels provide educational opportunities for both groups.
Margaret Strong, DNP, RN, NE-BC, is Assistant Professor, General Studies, Baptist College of Health Sciences, Memphis, Tennessee.
Irene Kane, PhD, RN, CNAA, HFS, is Assistant Professor, Health and Community Systems, School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Denise Petras, DNP, RN-BC, is Director of Organizational Development, Nursing Education and Research, UPMC Presbyterian, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Cheryl Johnson-Joy, PhD, RN, is Associate Dean in Nursing and Professor, Nursing, Baptist College of Health Sciences, Memphis, Tennessee.
Joseph Weingarten, PhD, is Associate Professor, General Studies, Baptist College of Health Sciences, Memphis, Tennessee.
The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationship with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.
ADDRESS FOR CORRESPONDENCE: Margaret Strong, DNP, RN, NE-BC, Baptist College of Health Sciences, 1003 Monroe Ave., Memphis, TN, 38104 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).