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Journal of Nursing Research:
doi: 10.1097/01.JNR.0000387591.02038.18
ORIGINAL ARTICLES: PDF Only

Significant Experiences of Token Therapy From the Perspective of Psychotic Patients.

Lin, Mei-Feng; Chiou, Jaw-Haw; Chou, Mei-Hsien; Hsu, Mei-Chi

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Abstract

: The purpose of this study was to explore the perceived the significant experiences of psychiatric patients related to token therapy. A qualitative in-depth interview was applied to collect individual opinions and perceptions. The 13 patients included in this study, all of whom had been diagnosed with mental disorders, received a six-month program of token therapy. Semi-structured interviews of approximately 40 minutes each were held with each participant and transcribed for further analysis in accordance with the principals of content analysis. The three significant domains of experience of participants receiving token therapy included: (1) acknowledgement of token therapy significance, (2) appreciation of each step in terms of personal achievement, and (3) reinforcement from personal changes and family support. Findings support the application of token therapy in psychiatric rehabilitation settings using the strategy of applying appropriate positive or negative logos to communicate reinforcement in an immediate manner that is further enhanced by the public tracking of accumulated patient scores on an evaluation board. In this manner, the therapeutic environment is imbued with a critical empowerment function. The effective application in the future of token therapy in mental health rehabilitation programs is recommended.

(C) 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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