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Journal of Neuroscience Nursing:
doi: 10.1097/JNN.0000000000000044
CE Test: Online Only

Gender Differences in Stroke Recognition Among Stroke Survivors

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Back to Top | Article Outline


GENERAL PURPOSE STATEMENT: To provide information about gender differences in the recognition of the symptoms of stroke among stroke survivors.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading this article and taking this test, the reader will be able to:

1. Explain the review of literature, purpose, and methodology of this study.

2. Recognize the results of and recommendations stemming from this study.

1. The purpose of this stroke survivor study was to examine

a. recognition of nontraditional warning signs.

b. gender differences in warning sign recognition.

c. educational programs focusing on warning signs.

d. warning sign recognition across socioeconomic status.

2. The study was a

a. pilot study.

b. prevention trial.

c. stratified randomization.

d. screening phase trial.

3. As compared to males, females

a. have less disability.

b. seek earlier treatment.

c. have more strokes.

d. are more likely to present with facial droop.

4. This study demonstrated which statement to be true regarding warning signs of stroke?

a. Recognizing early warning signs does not impact outcome.

b. Public health programs emphasize atypical warning signs.

c. Recognition of either early or late warning signs has equal benefit in prognosis.

d. Females are more likely to recognize all 5 traditional warning signs.

5. Approximately what percentage of stroke survivors will have another stroke within the next year?

a. 2%

b. 12%

c. 22%

d. 42%

6. The type of population sampling used in this study was

a. convenience.

b. cluster.

c. stratified.

d. randomized.

7. Participants in this study may have had which eligibility characteristic?

a. history of stroke 3 to 5 years ago

b. Parkinson disease

c. 18 years old

d. aphasic

8. Data was collected

a. by phone.

b. by mail.

c. via internet.

d. in person.

9. The two study groups differed significantly in

a. health literacy.

b. stroke knowledge.

c. age.

d. education.

10. Which of the following symptoms was the least likely warning sign to be recognized?

a. numbness

b. trouble speaking

c. dizziness

d. headache

11. Which of the following symptoms was the most likely to be recognized?

a. numbness

b. trouble speaking

c. dizziness

d. headache

12. What percentage of the total sample recognized all five warning signs?

a. 25%

b. 50%

c. 75%

d. 100%

13. Which statement is most true regarding gender and recognition of individual warning signs?

a. More women than men recognized individual warning signs.

b. More men than women recognized individual warning signs.

c. There were no significant differences overall between men and women.

d. Neither gender was superior in recognizing all traditional warning signs collectively.

14. Approximately what percentage of the total sample knew to call 9-1-1 as the first action?

a. 20%

b. 40%

c. 60%

d. 80%

15. The participants most likely to delay seeking treatment for a stroke fit which demographic?

a. middle-aged

b. women

c. Caucasian

d. educated less than 12 years

16. The authors recommend that future studies

a. examine nontraditional stroke warning signs.

b. study only women.

c. include people who had a stroke over 5 years ago.

d. set the eligible upper age limit to 75 years.

17. Which group is most likely to have a lower functional status 3 months poststroke?

a. middle aged

b. women

c. Caucasian

d. educated beyond high school

18. Future studies on this topic should include

a. a larger sample size.

b. a greater difference in age between genders.

c. use of closed-ended questions.

d. subject enrollment from one location.

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