This study examined the influence of metamemory (i.e., self-report of memory ability and skills), in combination with other factors, on quality of life for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Participants (482 persons with MS) completed instruments to measure functional limitations, depressive symptoms, metamemory, and perceived quality of life. Participants reported greater satisfaction with their memory performance but less frequent use of memory aids and strategies compared with 115 older adults on whom the instrument was originally tested. Components of metamemory were significantly related to neurological disability, duration of disease, depressive symptoms, age, and quality of life. Depressive symptoms had a higher impact than other variables in the final regression model on quality-of-life prediction.
Questions or comments about this article may be directed to Lorraine J. Phillips, MSN RN FNP, email@example.com. She is a graduate research assistant and doctoral candidate in the School of Nursing, the University of Texas-Austin.
Alexa K. Stuifbergen, PhD RN FAAN, is a professor and associate dean for research in the School of Nursing, the University of Texas-Austin.
© 2006 American Association of Neuroscience Nurses