The International Neuro-Ophthalmology Society (INOS) held its 19th meeting at the Grand Copthorne Waterfront Hotel, Singapore, on June 15–18, 2012. The meeting was held in conjunction with the 28th Singapore-Malaysia Joint Meeting in Ophthalmology. More than 400 people from 32 countries attended this truly international meeting that was organized by Kong Yong Goh, MBBS, FRCOphth, from the Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore and Sharon Tow, MBBS, FRCS, from the Singapore National Eye Centre (Fig. 1).
The meeting began with a day of instruction courses delivered by 12 speakers from 6 countries. Agnes Wong, MD, PhD, presented “An Approach to the Patient With Nystagmus,” and this was followed by a symposium on unexplained visual loss organized by Graham Holder, MSc, PhD, and Neil Miller, MD. Walter Jay, MD, led a session entitled “Getting Your Manuscript Published.” Next was an interactive symposium on “The Patient With Transient Visual Loss,” chaired by Helen Danesh-Meyer, MD and Peter Savino, MD. A final course on “Dangerous Diplopia” was delivered by 7 speakers, chaired by Anthony Arnold, MD. Delegates were treated to a welcome reception that involved a trip by water taxi down the river from the conference hotel to the IndoChine restaurant at the Asian Civilisations Museum.
A plenary session began the formal part of the meeting the next day. Tien Yin Wong, MBBS, PhD, MPH, from the Singapore Eye Research Unit delivered the first lecture entitled “Can a Retinal Examination Provide Clues to a Person's Risk of Stroke?” and this was followed by a lecture entitled “Differentiating Glaucoma from Non-glaucomatous Optic Neuropathies” delivered by Helen Danesh-Meyer, MD, from the University of Auckland, New Zealand.
On the second day of the meeting, Neil Miller, MD, delivered the third invited Singapore College of Ophthalmologists’ lecture entitled “Vascular Diseases in Neuro-Ophthalmology.” The rest of the meeting consisted of symposia on afferent neuro-ophthalmology, efferent neuro-ophthalmology, the pupil, systemic disease, diagnostic tests, pediatric neuro-ophthalmology, and visual restoration therapy. In all, 26 speakers delivered invited lectures and another 10 delivered free papers.
In addition, 131 posters were presented by authors from 21 countries. The prize for the best poster was awarded to S.P. Huang, MD (Taiwan) for “The Molecular Mechanism of Cytotoxic Effects of Ethambutol on Retinal Ganglion Cells,” and the prize for the best oral presentation was awarded to J.F. Cullen, MD (Singapore) for a talk entitled “Ischaemic optic neuropathy in South-East Asia: A different pattern of disease: 10 years’ observation.” Four runner-up prizes were awarded to T. Maekubo, MD (Japan), C. Yu-Wai-Man, MBBS (United Kingdom), M. Robert, MD, PhD (United Kingdom/France), and C.K.M. Chan, MBBChir (Hong Kong).
INOS was an excellent meeting in all respects. In addition to being truly international, both scientific and educational standards of the meeting were extremely high and the hospitality extended to all attendees was outstanding. Kong Yong Goh and Sharon Tow can be extremely proud of their achievement.
The future of INOS was discussed by the International Organizing Committee. INOS was formed almost 40 years ago by a group of clinicians eager to disseminate neuro-ophthalmic knowledge and forge international links. Over the years, it has fulfilled these aims extremely well. However, the society does not have a formal structure and the meetings have been organized by the goodwill and hard work of our colleagues. This was felt to be unsustainable and there was much discussion about the future role of the society. At this point, there are no specific plans to hold another INOS meeting. There are currently a number of neuro-ophthalmology meetings held around the world such as North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society (NANOS), European Neuro-Ophthalmology Society (EUNOS), and Asian Neuro-Ophthalmology Society (ASNOS), all of which have a strong international attendance. The committee will continue to review the potential role of INOS.