Because of side effects from acetazolamide, 80 mg/day furosemide was substituted for acetazolamide. For headache control, he was treated with 150 mg/day topiramate. On a follow-up 1 month later, visual field defects had improved. However, 2 months later, the visual field defects worsened, and he underwent an optic nerve fenestration in the right eye. One week postoperatively, visual field defects had improved in the left eye, but the right eye remained stable. On month later, visual field defects had improved in both eyes.
IIH is found most commonly in overweight women in their reproductive years. It may also be caused by dural sinus thrombosis (5,6), a reduction in corticosteroid therapy, or hormonal imbalance (7-10), vitamin A, anabolic corticosteroids, tetracycline, lithium, and pregnancy (11-13). Our patient had prior use of testosterone. Despite the availability of transgender medicine for decades, we were unable to find a published report of IHH in patients who change gender.
Department of Ophthalmology University of Florida Gainesville, Florida firstname.lastname@example.org
1. Lee AG, Brazis PW. Case studies in neuro-ophthalmology for the neurologist. Neurol Clin
2. Binder DK, Horton JC, Lawton MT, et al. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Neurosurgery 2004;54:538-51.
3. Friedman DI, Jacobson DM. Diagnostic criteria for idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Neurology
4. Banik R, Lin D, Miller NR. Prevalence of Chiari I malformation and cerebellar ectopia in patients with pseudotumor cerebri. J Neurol Sci
5. Friedman DI. Cerebral venous pressure, intra-abdominal pressure, and dural venous sinus stenting in idiopathic intracranial hypertension. J Neuroophthalmol
6. Lin A, Foroozan R, Danesh-Meyer HV, et al. Occurrence of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in patients with presumed idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Ophthalmology
7. Balasubramanian S, Shivbalan S, Ganesh R. Pseudotumor cerebri following oral betamethasone for common cold. Indian J Pediatr
8. Toscano V, Sancesario G, Bianchi P. Cerebrospinal fluid estrone in pseudotumor cerebri: a change in cerebral steroid hormone metabolism? J Endocrinol Invest
9. Donaldson JO, Binstock ML. Pseudotumor cerebri in an obese woman with Turner syndrome. Neurology
10. Stiebel-Kalish H, Kalish Y, Lusky M, et al. Puberty as a risk factor for less favorable visual outcome in idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Am J Ophthalmol
11. Tang RA, Dorotheo EU, Schiffman JS, et al. Medical and surgical management of idiopathic intracranial hypertension in pregnancy. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep
12. Lee AG, Pless M, Falardeau J, et al. The use of acetazolamide in idiopathic intracranial hypertension during pregnancy. Am J Ophthalmol
13. Bagga R, Jain V, Das CP, et al. Choice of therapy and mode of delivery in idiopathic intracranial hypertension during pregnancy. MedGenMed
14. Clements-Nolle K, Marx R, Katz M. Attempted suicide among transgender persons: the influence of gender-based discrimination and victimization. J Homosex
15. Gorton RN. Health care and insurance issues for transgender persons. Am Fam Physician
16. Newfield E, Hart S, Dibble S, et al. Female-to-male transgender quality of life. Qual Life Res