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Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology:
doi: 10.1097/WNO.0000000000000117
Original Contribution

Anti–NMDA Receptor Encephalitis Associated With Transient Cerebral Dyschromatopsia, Prosopagnosia, and Lack of Stereopsis

Sawamura, Hiromasa MD, PhD; Yamamoto, Tomotaka MD, PhD; Ohtomo, Ryo MD; Bannai, Taro MD; Wakakura, Masato MD, PhD; Tsuji, Shoji MD, PhD

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Abstract: A 20-year-old woman suffered from anti–N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis and was treated with removal of an ovarian teratoma and retroperitoneal ganglioneuroma in addition to immunotherapy. She was incapable of face recognition, had difficulty with object recognition, and lacked color sensation and stereo perception during recovery. These symptoms were transient and completely resolved over 4 months. Our report documents additional aspects of visual impairment associated with anti-NMDAR encephalitis and suggests that the disease can lead to diffuse cerebral dysfunction including the cortical visual system.

© 2014 by North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society