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Risk Factors of Falls in Elderly Population in Acute Care Hospitals and Nursing Homes in North Italy: A Retrospective Study

Tommasini, Cristina MNS, RN; Talamini, Renato ScD; Bidoli, Ettore ScD; Sicolo, Nicola MD; Palese, Alvisa MNS, RN

doi: 10.1097/01.NCQ.0000303804.15080.76
Article

A retrospective comparative study was conducted in Italy to determine whether the risk of accidental falls is the same in acute care hospitals as in nursing homes. Accidental falls were significantly related to women older than 80 years and to a hospital stay 10 days or longer, with an increased risk related to stroke, arterial hypertension, and a Norton Scale score greater than 15. Prevention strategies need to be based on the context and specific intrinsic and extrinsic factors influencing the risk of falls in elderly patients.

School of Nursing Pordenone, Udine University (Dr Tommasini), Unit of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, National Cancer Institute-CRO, Aviano (Drs Talamini & Bidoli), Padua University (Dr Sicolo), and School of Nursing, Udine University (Dr Palese), Italy.

Corresponding Author: Alvisa Palese, MNS, RN, School of Nursing, Udine University, Italy (alvisa.palese@uniud.it).

Accepted for publication: April 14, 2007

© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.