This study tested a theoretical model derived from Kanter's theory of workplace empowerment by surveying a random sample of 300 registered nurses employed in acute care hospitals across the Canadian province of Ontario. The results of this study effectively replicated the findings of a previous exploratory study. Specific nursing practice environment characteristics that positively influence the climate of patient safety were identified. This study provides nurse leaders with ideas for improving the patient safety climate by improving the quality of nurses' work environments.
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire (Mr Armstrong); and University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada (Mr Armstrong and Drs Laschinger and Wong).
Corresponding Author: Heather Laschinger, PhD, RN, School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Western Ontario, 1151 Richmond St, London, Ontario, Canada N6A 5C1 (firstname.lastname@example.org).
The authors have no conflict of interest. This research was approved by the University of Western Ontario Research Ethics Board for Health Sciences Research Involving Human Subjects.
Accepted for publication: March 22, 2008