Objective: The study aimed to determine if the difference in cervical epithelium brightness, as measured by optical coherence tomography (OCT), has potential as a distinguishing characteristic of normal, low-grade, high-grade (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2+), and cancer histological findings.
Materials and Methods: Information from 476 women was available for analysis. Demographic information was collected through in-person interview. All participants were human papillomavirus positive and/or had abnormal cytological finding and underwent colposcopy or unaided visual inspection and examination by OCT by quadrant. All women had a minimum of 4 OCT-matched cervical biopsies and endocervical curettage. Two sample t tests were used to measure differences in OCT image brightness by histological grades.
Results: Mean OCT image brightness differed significantly between each preinvasive histological grade and invasive cancer (p < .01 for all comparisons). Brightness as measured by OCT was also able to differentiate between squamous metaplasia and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3/cancer; p values were .004 and .003, respectively.
Conclusions: Epithelial brightness is an important component of cervical epithelium diagnosis by OCT, and we plan to add it to our diagnostic mathematical algorithm in all future versions of OCT software.